Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was born Her Royal Highness Princess Sirindhorn Debaratanasuda to His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, King Rama IX, and Her Majesty Queen Sirikit of Thailand. She has rendered public service continuously since her early youth while devoting her time to scholarly and academic pursuits. Due to her work and dedication, on the occasion of the 50th Birthday of His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, 5 December 1977, His Majesty the King conferred the Royal title of Somdech Phra Debaratanarajasuda Chao Fa Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Rathasimagunakornpiyajat Sayamboromrajakumari upon her.
The principle of using education as a means for community and social development, which Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn has acquired during her doctoral studies together with her former experiences in the field, has served as a solid base for her subsequent involvement in community development activities. These efforts and achievements have not only been known among the Thai people, but also by people from around the world. One of her active roles is patronage of many humanitarian charities, philanthropic foundations and organizations, which were founded by her initiatives or for public service. For this she has received overwhelming recognition nationally and internationally in the form of honorary doctorate degrees and numerous awards, including the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service in 1991, the International Education Leadership Award from the University of Pennsylvania, the Indira Gandhi Prize in 2004, and the distinguished Padma Bhushan Award in 2017.